This study explores Indonesia’s opportunity in the Industry 4.0 era to revitalize its manufacturing sector performance using two approaches. Industry 4.0 is the term given to the fourth phase of the industrial revolution, characterized by technologies such as digitization and artificial intelligence (AI). First, we use input data from Statistik Industri to explore the relation between high-tech inputs and production. Our estimates found that high-tech inputs have a significant but small effect on productivity due to low technological adoption in Indonesia. Sectors such as rubber, motor vehicles and other manufacturing use a large share of high-tech inputs and receive substantial gains in terms of productivity. Second, using a firm-level survey, this approach aims to observe the level of adoption, especially considering Industry 4.0, of technologies such as AI, robotics and automation, 3D printing, cloud computing, and big data. From our survey, automation and robots are the Industry 4.0 technologies that see the highest awareness and utilization. Interestingly, there is a strong correlation between research and development (R&D) and Industry 4.0 adoption. Small- and medium-sized firms have a relatively lower probability of adopting more advanced technology due to their financial capacity. Lastly, we found low awareness of the government’s Making Indonesia 4.0 masterplan.